தொழில்துறை தளவாடங்கள், Industrial Logistics Management : Start Up Logistics Business with "0" Investment.

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Thursday, July 6, 2017

Start Up Logistics Business with "0" Investment.

Start Up Logistics Business with "0" Investment.

Start Craft your personal Brand, ....Display your Products for Sale and make money......



I’m practicing as a Consultant, also one of the top ranked and recognized experience logistics professionals in India and South East Asia Pacific region. Contributed an Author of a Book Integrated Industrial Logistics Management. ( A Hand Book Of Total Logistics Solutions )


Start up Business in Logistics : The challenge is How do I start a Logistics Business with "Zero" Investment (without any big investment), How to sale my Logistics business products such as Consulting, Outsourcing services, Logistics Project Contracts-
(Heavy  Project  Logistics:  Moving the Big,  Wide,  and Heavy), Business Promotions, Logistics Trading, Logistics Promoters and Rent/ Lease/ Service Provides solutions etc., 

It is very easy to enter in to Logistics Industry business, but the trick comes in sustaining the business. The forecasts indicate that the demand for Logistics business will grow in India and South East Asia Pacific Regions by between 300 to 350% over the next 15 to 20 years. According to the (CII) Confederation of Indian Industry survey indicate that 50% of more opportunity will increased the Logistic Business in India. 



List and display your products for Logistics Business and Investments (How to Invest in to Logistics Business, Logistics Hub, Logistics Yards, Were houses, Logistics related Real Estate, Logistics Institutions, Logistics Transportation, Logistics Outsourcing Services, Business Promoters services, C&F Services, etc.,)


Start Craft your personal Brand, Display your Products for Sale and make money. The Business is about people, and having the right people working with you, for you, and around you will provide the best opportunity for long term, sustainable success.


Find out Where your customers are spending time? How many hours a week does your audience spent reading articles in major newspapers? Or checks their LinkedIn, Facebook or G mail account? How active are they in industry associations? Do they attend specific conferences each year? Bespoke marketing can deliver effective engagement with your brand but you don't need to play the sole development through to delivery role with your marketing touch points. Instead of setting up your own web-blog or podcast channel on your website see what platforms your target audience already subscribes to. Consider partnering with others to build a successful and cost effective marketing campaign that will amplify your brand in the market.



The common products list for all "Zero" Investment Business ideas:- 

1. Consulting.

2. Business Promotions.

3. Training (Skill Training) and Train the Trainer:-

4. Recruitment services.:- 

5. Sale yourself (The Name / The Brand) with Books & Publications, Conference, Lecture, Business Ideas, Ads, Post, News Papers & Medias.

6. Project survey & Installation & Project Planning Solution.
(Heavy Project Logistics: Moving the Big, Wide, and Heavy).

7. Develop some Campus & Institutional Investors contacts :- It is good Business, Sharing our Experience with all Institutional Students and earn some money as Honorarium or Remuneration. (A 10-15 Lecture per month is enough to get good income)

8. Exhibition and Trade fire.:- I'm earning money Just visiting some National & International Exhibition. Please call and take my consultation How it is possible with Win Win Situation. 

9. Heavy Goods Logistics and C&F services.:-

10. Outsourcing Business services.:-

11. Event Management with sponsorship programs.:- 

12. Business clubs & Ads publications.:-

13. Promoters and Service Providers Solutions.:-

14. Marketing and Advertising Programmes.:-

15. Network Business solutions.:-

16. Institutional Business solutions.:-

17. Logistics IT-Solutions ... and more 

Keeping this in mind, I have seen many cases where sale and outsourcing the above products worked very well. This is generally true with smaller enterprises (making less than $1B a year) where they have done a great job vetting the provider and managing them on a regular basis.

The views expressed in this article are my personal opinions and are not associated with any particular organisation or employer.

If you enjoyed reading this post / articles, please follow, like, comment and share and connect with my Twitter "IUBAGZB"&"IUBA-INDIA", Facebook /Google+ and Email to  "gopalkrishnan64@gmail.com"

Also request you to Buy & Read / Review my books “Integrated Industrial Logistics Management- A Hand Book of Total Logistics" and "CLIP-Cane Logistics Improvement Program in Indian Sugar Industries" and other 50 more Post and Articles of my Logistics Conferences and Lectures and Tamil Story's with Tamil Radio Programes.

I think it may be the longest book I have ever written, many peoples asked me to do a post about my success, I'm just going to try and briefly cover my experience over the past 27 years in various types of Projects with Industries Logistics Management and Logistics Investment details are briefly explained in this book. "It is a Hand book for Total Logistics":- 

1. Port Logistics, (Air & Marine port Logistics (with Profit Center)Operations), Outlook:-

2. Heavy Project Logistics, (Heavy Project Logistics: Moving the Big, Wide, and Heavy. Heavy duty Lifting Machines, Heavy Lifting Cranes, Mobile Cranes, Floating Cranes, Kalmar, Fork Lift, and (HGV) Heavy Goods Vehicles /Haulier / Transport system and Route Planning, Routes and restrictions for Highway Roads and on the way Crossing Flay Over bridges capacity with Safety/Piloting Program, Etc.,)

3. Special Logistics for Space Science and Technology. ( Under Safety and Secure Pilot Program) 
{The Safety & Pilot program =Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITS) + The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA)}

4. Tourism Logistics (Tourism Oriented Services, Tour Operating, Hospitality & Catering Services),

5. Agro Logistics (Agricultural related Air Croft, Tractors and Trolley with Verity’s of Agro Equipments-Hire Purchase, Lease, Rent, other related Agro business support)

6. CANE Logistics For Sugar Mills- (CLIP-"Cane Logistics Improvement Program" under Sugar Cane Supply Chain and Logistics),

7. Mining and Metals Logistics (Earth Moving, Cement, Coal and Mining and Metals Products), 

8. Steel & Tubes Logistics, (All Steel and Metal Products such as Sheets, Plates, Beams, Coils, Angles, Steel Strips, Tubes & Pipes, Grills, Rod, Square and Rectangular Hollow Sections, Etc.,) 

9. Civil Construction Logistics:- (Construction related Materials, Equipments & Transportation) 

10. Commodity Logistics :- (Energy, Metal, Agricultural Commodities require specialized forms of transportation and storage.) 

11. Milk Van Logistics:- (Dairy form, Milk Processing Units, Milk Foods Products Industries Etc)

12. Milk Run Logistics:- (Its reduced cost of Transportations in Automobile Manufactures:- Just In Time Procurement system under Vendor Managed Inventory in Single Truck Load with multiple suppliers goods for a particular model production planning and scheduled day of Production.) 

13. Retails Logistics (FMCG / Healthcare /Consumer Durable, Consumer Electronics Etc) :- 

14. Supply Chain and Logistics in Hotels & Hospitals Industries:- 

15. Liquid Logistics (or) Oil & Gas Logistics,(Oil-Fields, Terminal/Port, Filling Station, Refinery Center, Through ISO tanks/flexi tanks and Pipe Line Services Etc.,)

16. Cold Chain Logistics (Dry Ice, Vaccinations, All temperature controlled shipping solutions and manufacture packaging for pharmaceuticals, biotechnology, dangerous goods etc.,)

17. Chemical Logistics :- (Required Staff experienced in HazMat management, and Chemical-specific transport modes such as ISO tanks, drums, IBCs / totes, bulk parcel tanker forwarding With Safety, security and environmental awareness in the Chemical supply chain).

18. Logistics for Electrical Goods & Consumer Electronics goods.

19. Factory Logistics, (In bound and Out bound) 

20. Project Logistics,(Construct Project, Electrical Project, Power Project, Industrial Project, Installation and commission works contract etc.,) 

21. FTL/LTL/3PL Logistics, (All Couriers and Cargo Company’s)

22. Container Logistics, (Container Size:-10F, 20F, 40F,45F, 53F… Rent /Hiring Containers and Stuffing/De stuffing, Stacking with reliable container transportation (Road, Rail, Marine) Services. 

23. Yard, Hub, Warehouse Logistics, (in SEZ, Outside Octroi Zone and Bonded Warehouse etc.,)

24. Transportation (Transport Management-Truck Operating Cost Calculator, Freight Metrics, Repair Service & Maintenance, Vehicle Break down help centers)

25. Distribution Logistics, With the help of Local & State Transporter- Transfer the Goods From Factory (or) National, Branch, Central Warehouse to All Dealer, Distributer network supply)

26. Rail Logistics, (A freight train or goods train, freight cars, goods Wagons, Tankers and Rail 
Container Load, Parcel Services, Express Parcel Van booking, Double-stack rail transport, Etc.,)

27. Logistics in Human Resource :-

28. Rent & Lease, Outsourcing Logistics:-

29. E-Logistics:-

30. Military Logistics:-

31. Government Logistics, (Election & Other Civil Service),

32. Logistics in Dhaba Walla/ Fast Food Centers / Coffee Shop :-

33. Logistics Business and Investments (How to Invest in to Logistics Business, Logistics Hub, Logistics Yards, Were houses, Logistics related Real Estate, Logistics Institutions, Logistics Transportation, Logistics Outsourcing Services, Promoters services, C&F Services, etc.,)

34. Education & Institutional Logistics:-

35. Careers In Logistics:-

36. Logistics Consultant :- Five key questions for assessing your consultants. Organizations have developed a variety of systems and processes to help manage consultants, but many involve elaborate and time-consuming surveys. As a corporate manager, I worked with a variety of consultants over the years and realized there were only five questions I needed to ask them:

37. Start up Business in Logistics : The challenge is How do I start a Logistics Business with "Zero" Investment (without any big investment), How to sale my Logistics business products such as Consulting, Outsourcing services, Logistics Project Contracts, Business Promotions, Logistics Trading, Logistics Promoters and Rent/ Leas/ Service Provides solutions etc., It is very easy to enter in to Logistics Industry business but the trick comes in sustaining the business. The forecasts indicate that the demand for Logistics business will grow in India and South East Asia Pacific Regions by between 300 to 350% over the next 15 to 20 years. According to the Indian Industry survey it's indicate that 50% of opportunity will increased the Logistic Business.

38.Logistics Technologies & IT-Solutions:- New Logistics Models and Technologies, 

IT Industries with Software related  Sales & Logistics Business.

39.Logistics Associations, L
ogistics advisory committees,  Logistics Councils for Industry to gain ROI & More insights.

40. Logistics R&D (Research and Development), Logistics Research Methods and Scope.

41. Special Opportunity Analysis in Logistic Industry & Logistics Investments in National & International Business. 

42. Automation in Logistics:- Strategic and Operational   Challenges. 

Type of Logistics Services:-
• Procurement logistics
• Project & Production logistics
• Distribution logistics
• After-sales logistics
• Disposal logistics
• Reverse logistics
• Green logistics
• Global logistics
• Domestics logistics
• Concierge Service
• RAM logistics
• Emergency Logistics.

MY TRACT RECORDS AND CASE STUDIES:-

I've worked behind the scenes to apply my technique and expertise to help some of companies in key industry verticals, streamline their supply chain operations, improved customer service, and increase profitability. Here are some recent examples of how I've helped some of company clients & customers to meet their unique challenges.

ð  Case 1: Pioneer in heading multiple projects with outlay ranging from 12 million to 60 million and contributed to cost savings of 15-20% in project logistics with efficient management of transportation and warehousing activities. Achieved cost saving in excess some of 7 million, in 2003-04.  

ð  Case 2: Meticulously doubled company's business volumes in the FY 1999-2000 and awarded certificate of merit for this exceptional performance at National Panasonic (I) Pvt. Ltd, with my Direct-To-Delivery (DSD) Solution 100% increased Company’s Business and reduced their Logistics mile travelled by 25% and their overall distribution cost reduced by 20%. 

ð  Case3: Executed multiple BTS/SDH Optical Equipment’s Projects & Team Leader for National level IT / Telecom Projects and Ensured that the projects service is being delivered as agreed, required level of performance and quality. 

ð  Case 4: Carried out various logistics review projects for a world-leading Heavy Electrical Projects business in various provinces of India, relating to facility design, handling equipment selection, Project installation logistic support with route planning of finished goods distribution to key account and general trade contracts /customers. 

ð  Case 5:  Vast exposure in Push & Pull Production Systems, Lean Manufacturing ITIL(PDCA), Oracle-11, SAP-SCM/CRM-all modules, [SMD/CNC] BaaN (BOM), & Supply Chain Excellence MRP-“SCOR” 8.0 Model with full life cycle Implementations. 

ð  Case6: Carried out a transport operations review of the largest Consumer Electronics & Telecommunication business in India, identifying large-scale savings through improved resource manpower and vehicle utilization. This involved design and piloting of an innovative delivery method that enabled most of the transport fleet to carry out three delivery trips per day instead of two. We also helped the client to design an outsourced approach – including a model contract – for localized outsourcing to low cost delivery agents in areas of thinner demand. 

ð Case 7: Merit of having Global Clients /Customers /Suppliers /Service Providers- Key Accounts persons in Marine Port and Airport (IT Services/Suppliers), and Electrical and Electronics Telecommunications clients like VSNL /BSNL (HFCL) / TTSL(TATA) / Reliance / Power Grid Corp., BHEL, BEL, Logistics Providers-DHL, DRS, GATI, SPEEDEX, UPS, etc., 

ð  Case 8:  Conducted a supply chain efficiency improvement study for a Revers Logistics Outsourcing company and evaluated options for improved storage and handling at their Distribution Centre. 

ð  Case 9:  Provided logistics technical support to a team evaluating a major investment in containerised cargo hubs in Singapore and India’s Hub / Port operators of Land Transport (Roadways, Railways) and Air & Sea (Marine) Port. The project entailed market research in Asia Pacific region for potential users of the hub, covering Air/Marine Port and inland cities, as well as a survey of opinion within the regional shipping sector, covering container lines, port operators, major users of shipping services and a variety of institutions. 

ð  Case 10:  Recommend Business solutions to MPS-Singapore, and briefed to identify requirements for new larger Warehouse for a duty free port business in Singapore. 

ð  Case 11: Developed an investment and relocation strategy for the sea container repair and heavy marine diesel engine reconditioning divisions of one of the world’s largest container shipping lines, including project management of the development of new facilities, the need for which was highlighted by our earlier work.

ð  Case 12: Conducted a review of container haulage operations within Singapore for the same client company, securing a once-off reduction in assets employed together with substantial operating cost savings.

ð  Case 13: Reviewed the proposed supply chain model for a new venture for trading items from Singapore, Malaysia & Indonesia, India and other East Asia pacific regions. The project included advice on selection of service providers for freight forwarding and shipping, cost projection, contract specifications and on how to set up an inventory-based trading hub in Singapore using PSA and Jurong Port Container yard facilities. The project also examined the option for establishing in-market inventory hubs in East Asia pacific regions. 

ð  Case 14: Led a logistics review of a clients’ global retail operations covering the health & beauty businesses in India & Asia Pacific Regions, as well as supermarket and Perfume businesses in various locations. The review addressed options for applying synergies across the different components of the business, including shared-services logistics, shared global procurement support services and the use of information technology.

ð  Case 15: carried out an inventory reduction project for a multinational Cosmetics and chemicals (Fragrance) distributor with regional operations based in Singapore and India. carried out various logistics review projects for a world-leading Heavy Electrical Projects business in various provinces of India, relating to facility design, handling equipment selection, Project installation logistic support with route planning of finished goods distribution to key account and general trade contracts /customers.

ð  Case 16: Npi-Transportation Management solutions, in NPI-India has significantly reduced logics cost for its all India Consumer goods business- and Increased on-time delivery to all Customers by 10%.


ð  Case 17: We helped One Leading Commercial Electronics Manufacturer reduced transportation spend and increase efficiency & customer satistaction.

ð  Case 18: Carried out a transport operations review of the largest Consumer Electronics & Telecommunication business in India, identifying large-scale savings through improved resource manpower and vehicle utilization. This involved design and piloting of an innovative delivery method that enabled most of the transport fleet to carry out three delivery trips per day instead of two. We also helped the client to design an outsourced approach – including a model contract – for localized outsourcing to low cost Delivery agents in areas of thinner demand.

ð  Case 19:  Recommend Business solutions to MPS-Singapore, and briefed to identify requirements for a new larger Warehouse for a duty free port business in Singapore. 

ð  Case 20:  Carried out an operations review and warehouse re-design project for a consumer products retailer in India. This included revision to the functionality of the warehouse management system (WMS) to support improved operational performance.

ð  Case 21: Provided logistics technical support to a team evaluating a major investment in a containerised cargo hubs in India & Singapore., for a Roadways, Railways and Air & Sea(Marine) Port Operators. The project entailed market research in Asia Pacific region for potential users of the hub, covering Air/Marine Port and inland cities, as well as a survey of opinion within the regional shipping sector, covering container lines, port operators, major users of shipping services and a variety of institutions. 

ð  Case 22:  Detailed analysis identified that improvements to inventory turn and modest expenditure on new equipment would Enable the operation to remain at its existing warehouse, thus avoiding a higher rental and substantial relocation Expense.

ð  Case 23: Director of a major project for a leading brands consumer products business operating in India. The project focused on radical re-structuring of the India’s supply chain to match the requirements of retailers who are themselves evolving to All India supply chain models, using ECR (efficient consumer response) concepts. The project entailed planning the renewal and simplification of all physical elements of the supply chain, including inventory holding facilities and transport equipment, plus renewal of sales order processing and warehouse / transport management systems.

ð  Case 24: Conducted a supply chain efficiency improvement study for a Revers Logistics Outsourcing company and evaluated options for improved storage and handling at their Distribution Centre.

ð  Case 25: Specified and installed a pilot centralised order processing and handling facility for a Consumer Electronics & Home appliance products retailer, together with computerised support linked to the retail outlets. This allowed three separate trading companies to be served by one logistics resource. Service lead times were reduced by several days. Three separate management structures were integrated, and implementation of fundamentally new handling equipment and procedures was achieved, including direct training of warehouse staff. The resulting distribution system provided a greatly improved service at a much lower unit cost.

ð Case 26: On executive secondment to a leading Telecommunication Equipment manufacturer. The assignment covered installing customer service level monitoring systems at all contractors' depots, with poor service identified and corrective action taken. Operations were restructured and improved warehouse facilities were constructed and equipped. New administration systems ( Order processing and stock location control) were designed and implemented.

Ä Case 28: In-IGPS-> Transportation, Inventory Management and reverse logistics lolutions enable this rapidly growing, innovative pallet manufacturer to deploy 175million pallets across Asia Pacific Regions. 

Ä Case 27: Managed complete control and Analyse new and alternate products, processes and continuously upgrade contract and billing processes, Analyse other Materials Inventory of entire organization with Annual Price Contract, Idle time & Lead time Analysis, Obsolete & Ageing Analysis, Invoicing & Dispatching, Documentation, Import & Export/Excise/Taxation/Commercial & Legal Affairs and Transportation & Price Negations, and Payment of Transporters & Negotiation of Payment terms & Conditions, Insurance & Claim settlement, Codifications, Improved Information Flows, Material Flow, Process Flows and Quality management Etc., to ensure Work Contracts are awarded at most competitive rates without sacrificing quality and project schedule.

ð  Case 28: A company manufacturing electrical appliances and control instruments is using 40 varieties of different screws, and bolts and nuts. You may be interested to know that the money tied up in inventory carrying amounted to Rs. 10,000toRs.12, 000. The management is very much bothered with the mounting inventory costs, air an analysis revealed that a large number of varieties of the fitting materials are being candied. Now it is a question of rationalisation. The number of varieties were reduced to 22, where by the inventory carrying costs were cut down by:35% .

ð  Case 29: Another company manufacturing electrical consumers' items, like electric iron and table fans, in the programme of cost reduction consulted ,deign engineers and found that the present , design is so cODuplicated that a good number .of castings were to be rejected, and the rejection was .to an extent of 40%. An analysis of the cost indicated that the materials cost was as high as 62 % of the total cost, and that heavy rejection of castings contributed to 28 %. The design engineers simplified the design, and 'the company reduced the material cost to 54%, and, the rejection to 26%.

ð  Case 30: A third company manufacturing machine screws has found that their conversion costs were mounting up, and were about 45% of the total cost. On further analysis it was found that the number of rejections left unnoticed during the operations and finally, were rejected in the final inspection. Consequently, the management tightened up the inspection at three turning operations at different, stages. The cost of inspection was raised by 15 %, and the rejection fell down to 20%, the conversion cost to 35%, and the total cost by 20%.

ð  Case 31: There is another case where the management was apprised of the cost of idle time. The breakdown of idle time cost indicated a large amount of idle time in man hours and machine hours:

Man hours lost during the quarter is 5,400 i.e. 45% Available man hours for the quarter is 12,000. Machine hours lost during the quarter is 2,100 i.e. 35%. Machine hours available during the quarter are 6,000.

The cost of man hours lost for the quarter is  3,240.

The cost of machine hours lost for the quarter is  4,200.

The management is gripped of this huge idle time cost.

ð  It was further found that while there was overtime work in the assembly department,   here was plenty of idle time in the machine department. This is a clear case for proper planning and coordination. The machine down time was reduced by 10 %, and men idle time by 25%. The management in consultation with the design’ engineer and sales manager thought of a new product for a local automobile industry, and used the idle machine hours to the extent of 15 %, and men idle hours to 20 %. This has resulted in an overall cost reduction of 20%.

ð  Case 32:  There is yet another situation where cost reduction is the only way out to keep a company above water. The company distributing a number of consumer products found that its distribution costs were as high as 25% of the total cost. Selling expenses and sales force remunerations had gone up far above the mark, while the sales turnover had shown a downward trend. Analysis _showed that the salesmen were not satisfied with the present compensation scheme and that there was no incentive for aggressive selling. While there was a sample sale potential and the company's image was well built in the market, the sales force must certainly be bringing a good result, and the mounting selling costs could be reduced. A suitable remuneration scheme was evolved, and the operating results stood as follows:

Increase in overall sales cost is 10% Increase in overall sales turnover is 60%.

Decrease in selling cost for Rupee of sales turnover is 8%. Now the distribution cost is only 17% of sales.

Case 33: 'In a tile factory manufacturing roofing floor tile, the material handling cost stood at 20% of the total cost. An analysis of the labour cost revealed that the percentage of indirect cost brought home to the management where to place their hands for cost reduction, and the management was convinced that a contributory factor for the fall in the rate of return was the cost of material-handling besides fall in the selling price. In order to maintain the same rate of return, the company evolved a method to reduce the cost. The material-handling problem was first tackled, and the management had to spend a few hundred Rupees to reduce the handling cost to the barest minimum. Conveyors were erected to carry the clay, green and burnt tiles. The handling costs were reduced to 50% of productive labour. Investment in conveyors was paid off in a one-year period;

The total cost was also reduced by 15 %, and, in fact, the rate of return had increased by 20%.

In another situation in the tile factory, there was an operation called "oiling and beating" and which precedes the pressing of the slabs in a revolving press. The number of operators involved in this operation was:

1.       Slab beaters 4
2.       Oilers 1
3.       Slab feeder 1

The main purpose of beating the slabs is to see that both sides of the slabs are smooth, so that the finish and appearance of the tile is good. Oiling is done to prevent the slab from sticking to the dies after pressing. A new method was suggested.

The slabs after splitting from blocks will be passed through two rollers running in the opposite directions. Provision was made to drip oil on the top roller, and keep the bottom roller dipped in oil to ensure oiling of the slabs while passing through between the two rollers.

The proposed arrangement cost the management about Rs. 2,500, and resulted in an ultimate cost reduction of 15 % in the total cost.

Some of Examples: Plant No.1 was manufacturing aluminum coffee kettles in three sizes. It had presses and machines to manufacture 3 different sizes of lids, 3 different sizes of sprouts, 3 different sizes of handles, and 3 different sizes of the body of the kettle. With a view to simplifying work and reducing cost, the factory at a later date standardized the sizes of the sprouts, lids and handles in the 3 sizes, varying only the body of the kettle. Thin resulted in savings on operators, machines, recesses, materials and a considerable amount in the cost of the product.

In Plant No.2, manufacturing wooden bobbins, the conveyor and chute systems were introducing savings on labour, movements, and material handling.

In Plant No.3, to cite a more specific instance, where cost reduction was brought about in simplifying product design, the cherry blossom shoe polish tins may be seen. The clip opener device was given up in preference to the coin opening method, and recently this coin-opening method has also been given up in preference to a built-in press-opening method. Naturally, these improvements have saved on machines, materials, and men resulting in savings in cost.

CASE EXAMPLES
It is doubtful whether there is any area of business which does not provide some opportunity for cost reduction. In evaluating various proposals for cost reduction, it might be well to establish some general guidelines and policies. Getting the most for the money being spent can often be more rewarding than merely spending less money. The following examples are offered in support of this hypothesis;

1.A company having an annual budget of Rs. 10000K for R. & D. expenditure may spend the entire amount either on scientists or laboratory assistants. For example, this could represent salaries for five scientists at Rs. 2000K per annum or for 20 laboratory assistants at Rs. 500K per annum. Either of this is, no doubt, unlikely. Yet the proper balance of scientists, technicians, etc., is very important both functionally and economically. Obviously, it would be costly to permit a situation where a scientist with a doctor's degree would perform routine work which could just as completely be performed by a laboratory assistant. Proper evaluation of research and development operation should be concerned not only with the total amount spent, but how it is being spent, how the spending is related to the degree of technical sophistication, and what results are being obtained.

2.Usually some companies purchase expensive and complex machine tools and equipments. They get them installed by their own engineers, and get them running smoothly. Most of the large equipment manufacturers furnish engineering services at little or no additional cost, and it is possible that the purchasing companies would not have to divert their own engineers for this purpose. Cost savings can sometimes be obtained by using the services of the suppliers or the vendors to the full.

3.A few companies follow a policy of quantity-buying of many commodities to obtain quantity discounts. Judicious quantity-buying certainly contributes to cost reduction. Indiscriminate quantity buying can increase costs if it results in inordinately high carrying cost of inventories, obsolescence risks, excess· warehousing costs and large amount of capital tied up to affect adversely the liquid position of the company.

4. In any business, costs are incurred to accomplish many things. Unless there is a profit, however, other objectives, no matter how lofty, become pretty much academic.

5. Most products have different characteristics. These have a direct effect on costs, making some products more costly than others. Large products take up more storing space, and some require special handling. Different products call for different types of advertising and promotional campaigns. At times costs are knowingly raised, instead of being reduced. For instance, if ac business decides to open a new sales territory its profit and loss statement for the new territory will normally show losses during the early periods. The decision-makers explain such excess costs in a current period as an investment in future sales and Accompanying profits. 

6. In commencing a cost reduction programme, it might be strategic to prepare an initial list of cost

Improvement areas, at least until some momentum has been attained. The following suggestions are quite

general, and are intended to spark specific ideas and programmes:

i. Audit payments of suppliers to assure that they are paid in time to obtain cash discounts when entitled.

ii. Explain value engineering techniques. "Value Engineering" might be defined as precise cost accounting plus

applied industrial engineering. It is a scientific method of obtaining equal or better performance and value for a

specific product, or product components at a lower cost. This is done by step by step scrutiny, and testing of every part and Productions and operation in the manufacture of a product.

iii. Check labour situation for possible expensive overtime, and' absenteeism and proper balance of workloads.

Consider employee training program.

iv. Study plant layout for possible improvement in work flow. Evaluate the performance and condition of present

Equipment for replacement, if necessary with newer and more efficient machines, and" improve quality control procedures and reduced spoilage wherever possible.

Please visit our other Web/Blogs address to get some more information.

Given the opportunity, I would be pleased to meet with you and discuss, how I might be able to promote the growth of the company.

Call or write to find out how we can work together to achieve your business and career goals.

உங்கள் வணிக மற்றும் தொழில் இலக்குகளை எளிமையாக அடைவதற்கு நாம் எவ்வாறு ஒன்றாக இணைந்து செயல்படலாம் என்பதை அறிய,  ஆலோசகரான என்னை அழையுங்கள் அல்லது எனக்கு மின்னஞ்சல் அனுப்புங்கள்.

Thanks & Regards,
Gopal Krishnan & N.Arthi Krishnan, President and Co-Founder.
Contact:- In India +91-9717236514, 9871386379. Singapore +65-83176152 
IUBA-INDIA (India & Asia Pacific) 
Project Logistics:Moving the Big,Wide and Heavy.
E_mail:- info@iuba-india.com
@ Business / Projects -Planing Solutions.
@ Systems & Engineering Solutions.
@ Recruitment & Training Solutions.
@ Safety & Quality Management Solutions.
@ Promoters / Service Providers Solutions.
IUBA-INDIA.(www.iuba-india.com)

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